Naturalization it is the main way for a foreign person to become a U.S. citizen.
American citizenship can be obtained by those who have resided in the United States as a permanent resident (Green Card holder) for a certain number of years.
Obtaining citizenship allows, among other things, to:
– be able to remain outside the United States indefinitely, without the restrictions that are imposed on the Green Card holders who have not obtained a re-entry permit;
– sponsor close family members for a U.S. Green Card;
– acquire the right to vote;
– hold high-level governmental positions;
– get a U.S. passport.
The applicant must meet a few requirements, depending on the individual’s situation.
The general requirements for naturalization are:
– to be at least 18 years old at the time of filing Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
– to be a permanent resident (have a “Green Card”) for at least 5 years.
– to show that he or she has lived for at least 3 months in the state or USCIS district where you apply.
– to demonstrate continuous residence in the United States for at least 5 years immediately preceding the date of filing Form N-400.
– to show that he/she has been physically present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the 5 years immediately preceding the date of filing Form N-400.
– to be able to read, write, and speak basic English.
– to have a basic understanding of U.S. history and government (civics).
– to be a person of good moral character.
– to demonstrate an attachment to the principles and ideals of the U.S. Constitution.
If the application for citizenship is denied, you can file Form N-336 to request a hearing with an immigration officer. At the hearing, you have the right to be represented by an immigration attorney. If the denial is sustained, a litigation law firm will be necessary to file a complaint in a Federal District Court.