There are a number of types of visas which allow you to be employed in the U.S. What follows is a short list of some of the most common types of temporary work visas:
Treaty traders (E-1) – If you are an owner or a key employee of a business which conducts a substantial volume of trade between the U.S. and your country of citizenship, you may be entitled to prosecutorial discretion and be found eligible for E-1 status.
To qualify, your country must have an appropriate treaty with the U.S. Countries which have E-1 treaties with the U.S. include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brunei, Canada, China (Taiwan), Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, United Kingdom and Yugoslavia.
Treaty investors (E-2) – If you are an owner or a key employee of a company where a substantial amount of capital has been invested in the U.S. and jobs have been created for U.S. workers, you may be eligible for E-2 status.
To qualify, your country must have an appropriate treaty with the U.S. Countries which have E-2 treaties with the U.S. include Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China (Taiwan), Colombia, the Congo, the Czech Republic, Ecuador, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Moldovia, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia and Zaire. A number of other E-2 treaties have been signed, but are awaiting ratification by either the U.S. or the other country involved.